Popular Print Terms

print-mule-popular-print-terms

We’ve put together a short list of popular print terms used on a regular basis by digital and lithographic printers. Knowing your print terms will help with communication between you and your print provider as well as showing them that know what you’re talking about when it comes to the industry. Hopefully, this short list will give you a taste of common terminology used in the print industry, so that the next time you’re consulting a print job you and your print consultant will be on the same page. To learn more about setting work up for print read our previous blog post.

Bleed

– a term that refers to printing that goes beyond the edge of the sheet after trimming. The bleed is the part on the side of your document that gives the printer that small amount of space to move around paper and design inconsistencies.

Trim

– the final size of a product after its unnecessary parts have been cut off or removed.

Live Area

Live Area – is the area where your art and type should be safely tucked into so they are not trimmed or cut-off.

PDF X1A

– Common file type for printing. The purpose of PDF/X is to facilitate graphics exchange, and it therefore has a series of printing related requirements, which do not apply to standard PDF files. For example, in PDF/X-1a all fonts need to be embedded and all images need to be CMYK or spot colours.

PDF

– (Portable Document Format) is a file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. PDF is used for representing two-dimensional documents in a manner independent of the application software, hardware, and operating system

TIFF

– (Tagged Image File Format) is a high-resolution lossless file format that is ideal for saving images for print.

DPI

– Dots per inch (DPI) is a measure of spatial printing or video dot density, in particular, the number of individual dots that can be placed within the span of one linear inch (2.54 cm). The DPI value tends to correlate with image resolution but is related only indirectly.

PPI

– Pixels per inch or pixel density is a measurement of the resolution of devices in various contexts; typically computer displays, image scanners or digital camera image sensors.

Image Resolution

– describes the detail an image holds. The term applies equally to digital images, film images, and other types of images. Higher resolution means more image detail.

EPS

– Encapsulated PostScript is a DSC-conforming PostScript document with additional restrictions intended to make EPS files usable as a graphics file format. In other words, EPS files are more-or-less self-contained, reasonably predictable PostScript documents that describe an image or drawing, that can be placed within another PostScript document.

Process Color

– referred to as process colour or four colour, is a subtractive colour model, used in colour printing, also used to describe the printing process itself. CMYK refers to the four inks used in most colour printing: cyan, magenta, yellow, and key black.

PANTONE Color

-The PANTONE MATCHING SYSTEM is the definitive international reference for selecting, specifying, matching and controlling ink colours

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